Jeep Grand Cherokee First Car

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Jeep Grand Cherokee First Car – The Jeep Cherokee (XJ) is a sport utility vehicle produced and sold in one generation by Jeep in the United States from 1983 to 2001 – and worldwide through 2014. It is available in two- or four-door, five-passenger, front-wheel drive, rear-wheel drive or four-wheel drive configurations.

Named after the original full-size Cherokee SJ model, the 1984 XJ Cherokee was Jeep’s first modern design since the 1963 SJ Wagoneer, as well as the first American-built off-road vehicle. with fully integrated body and frame (unibody) design,

Jeep Grand Cherokee First Car

Jeep Grand Cherokee First Car

Jeep sold XJs as Sportwagons, the forerunner of the modern sport utility vehicle (SUV), before that term was used.

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The XJ is known for spawning competitors, as other car manufacturers have noted design cannibalizing regular car sales,

Replacing the station wagon and changing the type of vehicle “from truck to limousine in the eyes of countless suburban owners,”

Although GM had also launched off-road, RWD and 4WD SUVs, the Chevrolet S-10 Blazer and GMC S-15 Jimmy, a year earlier, were initially available in 2-door form only .

Automotive journalist Robert Cumberford, writing for Automobile, named the Jeep XJ one of the 20 greatest cars of all time—for its design, and “may be the best SUV shape ever.” , is the paradigmatic model to which other designers have aspired ever since. .”

Jeep® Grand Cherokee Wk

The design of the compact XJ Cherokee dates back to 1978, when a team of American Motors (AMC) engineers and Rault drew various sketches. Clay models were based on the full-size SJ Cherokee. Early sketches of the XJ Cherokee had a European influence, and most of the styling cues were made by AMC engineers led by Dick Teague, vice president of design.

Noting that General Motors was developing a new two-door Blazer based on the S-10, AMC decided to develop a new tired four-door model in addition to a two-door version. American Motors vice president of engineering, Roy Lunn, designed what was called the “Quadra-Link” suspension, which prevented rollover.

François Castaing from Rault developed the drive with a much smaller gene than normally found in 4WD vehicles and reduced the weight of the new model.

Jeep Grand Cherokee First Car

The uncontroversial design limited the XJ’s stability and off-road ability that could have won over most critics, even those models with the underpowered early GM genes.

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The XJ is described as “the first small crossover SUV in the US,” “with” a lot of Jeep toughness (and no straight six) built into it.

The design and market positioning of the XJ, along with the AMC Eagle was “pretty much ahead of the curve of the car-based crossover utility.”

“The new XJ Jeep … was 1,200 pounds lighter, 31 inches shorter, six inches narrower and four inches lower than the Cherokee SJ it replaced, and yet—thanks to unibody construction—the XJ retained 90 percent of the interior of its predecessor. volume.” And, not only was fuel economy significantly improved, but “expression is also better, as well as ground clearance, as well as angles of approach, departure and break. These, together with its smaller profile, make the XJ better both off-road and on.”

Although the XJ models had just been introduced, AMC quickly began development of its successor. To compete against its much larger rivals, the smallest American automaker created a business process now known as “product lifecycle management” (PLM) to speed up its product development process.

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In 1985, development and engineering was based on computer-aided design (CAD) software systems, while new systems stored all drawings and documents in a central database.

The original PLM was so effective that Chrysler, after buying Chrysler AMC in 1987, expanded the system through its own engine.

British TV presenter and motoring expert Qutin Willson described the XJ Jeep as “a true 4×4 icon” and one of the “few really good cars … which, despite being superseded by newer models, are still new and urgent offer opportunities. more relevant the older they get.”

Jeep Grand Cherokee First Car

Introduced for the 1984 model year, the XJ Cherokee was the first Jeep to feature a ladder-box chassis integrated into a single monocoque unit rather than the traditional separate body-on-frame construction. The design was hard and strong with about 3, 200 welds in a finished body, “but very light, [the] Uniframe allowed excellent performance even with AMC’s new 2.5 L (150 cu”) four-cylinder engine.

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Both two- and four-door versions of the XJ Cherokee were offered during its lifetime, and each had the same track and wheel dimensions. However, two-door models received longer doors and front seats that could slide forward to aid in the arrival and departure of passengers. This was in addition to extended lgth rear windows which were not on, although an optional vt rear window was available on some models.

This version was the first to be sold in Europe; it was launched in 1989 in France (sold through Rault), in 1992 in some markets, and in 1993 for the United Kingdom. Early versions only came with the 4.0 L (242 cu in) inline six-cylinder engine. The 2.3 L (140 cu in) four-cylinder engine did not arrive in Europe until 1995.

In mid-1985, a two-wheel drive version of the Cherokee was added to the lineup. This marked the first time a Jeep product had been offered with two-wheel drive since 1967, and was done in hopes of attracting a few more buyers who didn’t need (or want to pay for) four-wheel drive. a wheel When the Cherokee-based Comanche (MJ) XJ truck was introduced, it was also available in two- and four-wheel drive. The new two-wheel models shared the front suspension (rail bar, control arms, ball joint) with four-wheel models. Jeep simply used a tube with a single axle from hub to hub with no differential in between, resulting in a cheap front suspension.

For 1996, partly to meet US OBD-II emissions and exhaust emissions regulations, the engine management system was upgraded to Chrysler’s new “JTEC” PCM. This had the side effects of improving reliability and making diagnostics easier.

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A new and larger model called the ZJ (known as the Jeep Grand Cherokee introduced in 1993) was to replace the compact XJ Cherokee from American Motors that was being developed by AMC.

However, the popularity of the smaller model led Chrysler executives to reconsider this decision, and while the ZJ models were introduced in 1993, the XJ models continued until 2001. The Jeep XJ has been a popular choice with off-road enthusiasts due to its pot off-road capability in stock form. Its popularity has resulted in strong ongoing after-market support in the form of a wide variety of products.

A variation on the Cherokee from 1983 to 1990 was the Jeep Wagoneer. These were unrelated to the full-size Grand Wagoneer models that carried the Wagoneer name prior to this time.

Jeep Grand Cherokee First Car

The compact XJ Wagoneer was initially available in two trim levels: the “Wagoneer” and the “Wagoneer Limited” with the “base” Wagoneer version soon to be discontinued.

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Both Wagoneers were distinguished from the Cherokee for the 1983 through 1985 model years by a slightly different grille and a smaller “Jeep” logo offset on the driver’s side. The rectangular single beam headlights were changed for 1986 to quad low and high vertical beam headlights with front turn signal lights moved behind the grille. Where Cherokee tail lights were split 50-perct with a red section above an amber section, the rear lights on Wagoneers had a single red ls. The Wagoneer Limited came with vinyl wood trim on the sides and cloth seats with leather bolsters. “Limited” was emblazoned on the front seat back and in the rear seat back. The standard equipment list was extensive and included air conditioning, cruise control, power disc brakes, rear window wiper and washer, and an adjustable steering wheel.

In the early to mid 1990s, the Jeep Cherokee began to become popular for government and police. The Cherokee AHB police package was introduced in model year 1992. Beginning in 1996, Jeep released a special version of the XJ Cherokee SE for police and fleet use. There were no rear interior grab handles and a high-output 190 hp (142 kW) version of the 4.0 L “Power-Tech” inline six-cylinder engine. The new HO engine replaced the 177 hp (132 kW) version of the previous 4.0 L engine in all trims.

The Cherokee was also produced in right-hand-drive form, first for the United States Postal Service. As a result, Jeep was able to market right-hand drive cars in later years – the Cherokee wt went on sale in both the UK and Ireland in 1993. It was also sold in Japan, but due to the harshness of the country’s “Shak” laws for inspecting motor vehicles, many Japanese-branded Cherokees have found their way back to the US, to be used by – national mail carrier.

After 13 years of production, in February 1997 the Cherokee received an exterior and interior styling update. The two- and four-door remained in production, and received a steel liftgate (instead of the previously used fiberglass), revised taillights, additional plastic moldings on the doors, as well as a new front end panel. which has more aerodynamic styling. The spare tire was still attached to the inside rear quarter panel on the driver’s side in the trunk. A new special tire carrier was installed by Peter Gruich while working for Jeep Special Programs that

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